Copyright 2009 Klis Flooring
Keeping your floors beautiful longer has never been easier. These days wood
floor finishes have become very popular. Using the right finish ensures that
your floors are protected from dirt, moisture and wear. Finishes also come in a
number of attractive colors and sheens. Most floors today are finished with a
top coat and stain. With new technology there are a number of options each
with their own benefits.
Common finish types include:
Oil-Modified Urethane: Most common surface finish. It is a petroleum base
with a blend of synthetic resins, plasticizers and other film forming ingredients
that produces a durable surface that is moisture-resistant. It is a solvent-base
polyurethane that dries in about eight hours. This type of finish ambers with
age. and comes in different sheen levels.
Moisture-cured Urethane: A solvent-base polyurethane that is more
durable and more moisture resistant than other surface finishes. Moisture-cure
urethane comes in non-yellowing and in ambering types and is generally
available in satin or gloss.
Curing of this type of finish is by absorbing minute quantities of moisture vapor
from the air, which causes them to dry and harden. The curing process is very
dependant on relative humidity.
Water-based Urethane is a water-borne urethane with a blend of synthetic
resins, plasticizers and other film forming ingredients that produces a durable
surface that is moisture-resistant. These finishes are clear and non-yellowing
and are different sheen levels. They have a milder odor than oil-modified
finishes have and they dry in about two to three hours. Water-based urethanes
are generally more expensive.
Converstion-Varnish Sealers (Swedish Finishes): A two-component
acid-curing, alcohol-based sealers. Because of their origin (country),
conversion varnish sealers are often referred to as Swedish finishes.
Penetrating Sealers: These sealers are spread on the floor and allowed to
penetrate and are solvent based. The excess sealer is removed with rags or
buffed in with synthetic or steel wool pads. This type of finish often has a color
and can be used to stain and seal the wood floor. Penetrating Oil Sealers are
made from tung or linseed oil, with additives improve drying and hardness.
Paste Wax: The easiest to apply, least expensive, fastest drying, easiest to
repair, and with proper care will survive forever. Wax over a penetrating stain,
and the system is in the wood so you wear the wood, not the finish. Wax is
spread in thin coats for a surface protection after the stain and/or sealer is
applied, then buffed to the desired sheen.
Varnish: Vinyl-alkyd varnishes have superseded natural varnish made from
vegetable oils. This product was commonly used before urethane finishes where
These are samples of our finish colors. When we come for
your free consultation you'll get to see samples and we'll find
the best color and wood to match the rest of your home.
Click to see a before and after picture.